INGREDIENT GLOSSARY

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A
ACACIA GUM
Acacia Gum, also known as gum acacia or gum arabic, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.
ACAI
Acai is a small, round, dark fruit that comes from the acai palm tree. Extracts are concentrated material made from the acai fruit .
ACEROLA
Acerola is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree that is native to the West Indies and northern South America. Acerola Juice comes from the fruit of this shrub. Acerola Juice Extract and Acerola Juice Powder are concentrated forms of acerola juice.
ACESULFAME POTASSIUM
Acesulfame Potassium, also known as Ace-K and by the brand name Sunett (R), is a sugar-substitute. It is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it contributes few, if any, calories. Acesulfame Potassium has been used in the U.S. since 1988. It has been approved by the FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information on Acesulfame Potassium and other sugar substitutes visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.
AGAVE NECTAR
Agave Syrup (sometimes called Agave Nectar) comes from a cactus like plant found in Mexico. It is an alternative for sugar, honey, fructose and other sweeteners.
ALPHA TOCOPHERYL ACETATE
Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.
AND PALM OIL
Palm Oil is made from the fleshy part of the palm fruit. It is relatively high in saturated fat and semi-solid at room temperature. Palm Oil is used in baking because of its high level of antioxidants, which help increase shelf life.
APPLE JUICE
Apple Juice is juice from apples. Apple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from apples.
APPLE JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Apple Juice from Concentrate is concentrated apple juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
ARONIA JUICE
Aronia Juice is juice from aronia berries which are a red-violet wild fruit. Aronia juice has a strong, stable color and a dry and sour flavor.
ARTIFICIAL COLOR
Artificial Colors are ingredients added to our beverages to offset natural color loss from exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, and/or storage conditions; to correct natural variations in the color of our ingredients; or simply for the fun that color can provide. All colors used in our products are approved by the FDA.
ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR
Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb. All flavors, natural and artificial, used in our beverages are safe and legal.
ASCORBIC ACID(VITAMINC)
Ascorbic Acid is another name for Vitamin C.
ASPARTAME
Aspartame is a sugar substitute made up of two amino acids: aspartic acid and phenylalanine. When aspartic acid and phenylalanine are combined they create a sweet taste similar to sugar. Aspartame is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it contributes few, if any, calories. Aspartame has been used in the U.S. since 1981. It has been approved by the FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information on Aspartame and other sugar substitutes visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.

B
BARLEY GRASS
Barley Grass is a European annual grass.
BARLEY MALT
Barley Malt is a type of malt which is a grain that is germinated and then quickly dried to develop enzymes that convert the grain’s starch to sugar.
BEET JUICE
Beet Juice is juice from the beetroot plant.
BEET JUICE (COLOR)
Beet Juice (color) is concentrated juice from beetroot plants that is used to provide color.
BENZOIC ACID
Benzoic Acid is added to our products in the form of potassium benzoate or sodium benzoate. The FDA has approved both potassium benzoate and sodium benzoate for use in foods and beverages.
BETA CAROTENE (COLOR)
Beta-Carotene is a substance found in many fruits and vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes. Once consumed, the body can convert beta-carotene into Vitamin A.
BLACK CARROT JUICE
Black Carrot Juice is juice from black carrots. Black carrots contain anthocyanins which give them a deep purple color.
BLACK CURRANT EXTRACT
Black Currant Juice is juice from black currants, an edible berry of a shrub native to Northern/Central Europe and Asia.
BLENDED BLACK TEAS)
Tea is typically made by steeping leaves from the camellia sinensis plant in hot water. Typically tea refers to black tea, as it is the most common type of tea. Black tea differs from other types due to the process of drying and aging, that results on a richer flavor than other teas.
BLOOD ORANGE JUICE CONCENTRATE
Blood Orange Juice Concentrate is concentrated juice of the blood orange, a variety of orange with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh.
BLUE 1
Blue 1, also known as Brilliant Blue and FD&C Blue1, is an FD&C approved color.
BLUEBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Blueberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from blueberries.
BREWED ORGANIC APPLE
Brewed Organic Apple is dried organic apples that have brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC GINGER
Brewed Organic Ginger is dried organic ginger that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC LEMON PEEL
Brewed Organic Lemon Peel is dried organic lemon peel that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC ORANGE PEEL
Brewed Organic Orange Peel is dried organic orange peel that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC SAGE
Brewed Organic Sage is dried organic sage that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC WILD BLACKBERRY
Brewed Organic Wild Blackberry is dried organic wild blueberries that have brewed in water similar to herbal teas.
BREWED TEA
Brewed Tea is tea made by steeping tea leaves in hot water. All true tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. Black tea is different from green, white or oolong teas in that is undergoes a process of drying and aging that results in a richer flavor than other teas.
BROMINATED VEGETABLE OIL
Brominated Vegetable Oil (BVO) is widely used by soft drink makers to help keep flavoring oils well-blended. Since oils do not mix well with water, stabilizers like BVO help dissolve and keep the flavor oils evenly distributed throughout the beverages. Because BVO is used in trace amounts (no more than 15 parts per million or 0.0015%) it does not add fat to the product. BVO is usually derived from corn or soybean oil.
BROWN SUGAR
Brown Sugar is produced by adding molasses to refined white sugar (sucrose). Light brown sugar contains 3.5% molasses and dark brown sugar has 6.5% molasses based on total volume. Although dark brown sugar may have slightly more flavor, the two can be used interchangeably in baking.
B-VITAMINS
B-Vitamins are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats. B-Vitamins are important for the metabolism and proper functioning of the immune and nervous systems. There are many vitamins that make up the B-Vitamin complex including: Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3), Pantothenic acid or pantothenate (Vitamin B5), Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Bioton (Vitamin B7), Folic Acid or Folate (Vitamin B9), and Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12).

C
CAFFEINE
Caffeine occurs in more than 60 plants such as coffee beans, tea leaves, kola nuts, guarana and cacao beans, and is found in many common foods and beverages made from these plants such as coffee, tea and chocolate.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE
Calcium Chloride is a form of calcium that is a salt.
CALCIUM CITRATE
Calcium Citrate is a form of calcium that is the salt of citric acid. It is used to provide a source of calcium in the diet. It is also used to give a tart taste to certain beverages.
CALCIUM DISODIUM EDTA
Calcium Disodium EDTA is an abbreviation for calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid, an ingredient that is widely used in the food industry as a preservative and stabilizer.
CALCIUM D-PANTOTHENATE (VITAMIN B5)
Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein and is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.
CALCIUM LACTATE
Calcium Lactate is a salt made by combining calcium carbonate and lactic acid.
CALCIUM SILICATE
Calcium Silicate is an anti-caking agent most commonly used in salt and baking powder because of its water-absorbing properties.
CANE OR BEET SUGAR
Cane or Beet Sugar is sugar derived from the Sugar Cane or Beet plant. Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. It is a general term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates.
CANE SUGAR
Cane Sugar is sugar derived from the Sugar Cane plant. Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. It is a general term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates.
CARAMEL
Caramel is a color and flavoring that is added to some beverages to provide a brown color or to improve taste. Caramel also protects beverages from harmful effects of light and acts as an emulsifier to maintain a uniform blend of ingredients and flavors.
CARBONATED WATER
Carbonated Water, also known as soda water, sparkling water or seltzer water, is water containing carbon dioxide which makes it effervescent or bubbly.
CARMINE COLOR
Carmine/Cochineal is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.
CARRAGEENAN
Carrageenan is made from plant extracts (algae or seaweed).
CARROT JUICE
Carrot Juice is juice from carrots. Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from carrots.
CARROT JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Carrot Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice from carrots that is used to provide color.
CELLULOSE GEL
Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants. A gel is a substance created when particles combine with liquids to produce a thick jelly-like product.
CELLULOSE GUM
Cellulose Gum is an additive that is approved for use in many kinds of foods and has a wide range of applications. Cellulose Gum is derived from cellulose, which is plant derived.
CHAMOMILE EXTRACT
Chamomile Extract is a concentrated material made from the chamomile plant. The chamomile plant is a member of the daisy family, is native to Europe and Western Asia, and has been used for many years as a herb and to make common beverages.
CHERRY JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Cherry Juice From Concentrate is concentrated cherry juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
CHROMIUM PICOLINATE
Chromium Picolinate is a combination of the essential trace mineral chromium and picolinic acid. It is found in breast milk and is easily absorbed and used by the body.
CITRIC ACID
Citric Acid can be found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges and can be made from multiple sources, including corn. It is used to bring out the flavor of other ingredients and imparts a tang or tartness on its own to beverages. It has the same function in soft drinks as it has in juice.
CITRUS PECTIN
Citrus Pectin is a soluble fiber that comes from citrus rinds.
CLARIFIED JUICE CONCENTRATE
Clarified Juice Concentrate is made by removing water from juice and filtering it to remove the pulp and improve consistency.
COCOA
Cocoa comes from the seeds of the cacao tree and is the base for making chocolate. There are two types of unsweetened cocoa, unalkalized and alkalized cocoa. Unalkalized cocoa is milder in flavor and lighter in color while alkalized is richer in flavor and darker in color. Alkalized cocoa is treated to neutralize its naturally occurring acids and to deliver a darker color.
CONCENTRATED ORANGE JUICE
Orange Juice is the juice from oranges. Orange Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from oranges.
CORN SYRUP
Corn Syrup is a thick syrup made from corn starch. Although not as sweet as sugar (sucrose), it is used as a sugar substitute. High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is corn starch that has been treated with vegetable or plant enzymes to increase the fructose levels and produce a sweeter corn syrup. Corn syrup = glucose; High fructose corn syrup = glucose and fructose; Sugar (cane or beet) = glucose and fructose.
CRANBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Cranberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from cranberries.
CREAM
Cream is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. All cream must contain at least 18% milk fat. Light cream, also called coffee cream or table cream, must have at least 18% milk fat, but less than 30% milk fat. Heavy cream must have at least 36% milk fat. All cream products are pasteurized or ultra-pasteurized.
CUCUMBER JUICE
Cucumber Juice is the juice from cucumbers.
CYANOCOBALAMIN (B12)
Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is one of the B-Vitamins which are important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.

D
D-ALPHA TOCOPHERYL ACETATE (VITAMIN E)
DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.
DEXTROSE
Dextrose is another name used for the simple sugar, glucose. (see Sugar for more information)
D-RIBOSE
D-Ribose is a naturally occurring five-carbon sugar that is sweet, solid, water soluble substance. It is used in our beverages to provide sweetness and a source of calories. Produced from the fermentation of corn syrup and sometimes referred to as just ribose.
DRY LEMON JUICE
Dry Lemon Juice is dehydrated lemon juice

E
ELDERBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Elderberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from elderberries.
ELECTROLYTES
Electrolytes are minerals in the body that carry an ionic charge (i.e., sodium, potassium, iron, calcium, zinc and magnesium). They are critical to help maintain the body’s fluid balance, regulate muscle contractions and transmit nerve impulses.
ERYTHORBIC ACID
Erythorbic Acid is chemically identical to vitamin C (ascorbic acid), the only difference being the shape of the molecule.
ERYTHRITOL
Erythritol is a type of sweetener called a Polyol. They have been used to sweeten foods around the world for many years. Globally many regulatory agencies have reviewed the use of polyols as a sweetener and have approved them as safe.
ESPRESSO COFFEE
Espresso Coffee is coffee that is brewed by forcing very hot water, which is under high pressure, through coffee beans that typically have a dark roast and have been ground to a very fine consistency.
ESTER GUM
Ester Gum is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters to make it more soluble.
EXTRACT
Extracts are concentrated material made from the juice or fruit of a plant.

F
FILTERED PEAR JUICE
Filtered Pear Juice is pear juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and fruit solids.
FILTERED WATER
Filtered Water is water that has been passed through a device which removes impurities from water by means of a fine physical barrier, or chemical process. It has fewer total dissolved solids (TDS) than water that has not been filtered.
FOLATE
Folate (Vitamin B9) is on of the B-Vitamins which are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats.
FRUCTOSE
Fructose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of fructose and another simple sugar, glucose.
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE JUICE (COLOR)
Fruit and Vegetable Juice (color) is concentrated juice from fruits and vegetables that is used to provide color.
FRUIT JUICES FROM CONCENTRATE
Fruit Juices from Concentrate are juice concentrates that have been reconstituted (water added back). If a fruit or vegetable juice is reconstituted from a concentrate, the amount of water that can be added to make it equivalent to the natural fruit juice is regulated by the FDA.
FRUIT PUREE
Fruit and vegetable purees are similar to fruit and vegetable juices except that they contain pulp and are therefore thicker than juice. Purees have the characteristic color, aroma and flavors of the fruit or vegetable from which they are made.
FUMARIC ACID
Fumaric Acid is a tart tasting acid. It can be used as a flavor to impart taste, and as a buffering agent to help maintain a particular degree of acidity.

G
GINGER JUICE
Ginger Juice is juice from the ginger plant.
GINSENG
Ginseng is a perennial herb which has been used for many years in beverages.
GLYCERIN
Glycerin is a carrier used in creating flavors.
GLYCEROL ESTER OF ROSIN
Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters to make it more soluble.
GRAPE JUICE CONCENTRATE
Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from grapes.
GREEN TEA
Green Tea, like all true teas, comes from the camellia sinensis plant. It differs from black and oolong teas in that it has not undergone as much aging or drying during processing and, as a result, is lighter in flavor.
GUARANA (PAULLINIA CUPANA)
Guarana is a nut-like seed of a climbing vine that grows primarily in Brazil and is a source of caffeine. It has been used in foods and beverages for many years.
GUM ACACIA
Gum Acacia, also known as gum arabic and acacia gum, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.
GUM ARABIC
Gum Arabic, also known as gum acacia and acacia gum, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.

H
HIBISCUS
Hibiscus Extract is a concentrated material from a hisbiscus plant. Hibiscus plants are common in many regions and are a primary ingredient in many herbal teas. They provide a tart, refreshing flavor to foods and beverages.
HIBISCUS JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Hibiscus Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from the hibiscus plant. Hibiscus plants are common in many regions and are a primary ingredient in many herbal teas. They provide a tart, refreshing flavor to foods and beverages.
HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP
High Fructose Corn Syrup is a liquid sweetener which is similar to sucrose (table sugar) in chemical composition, calories, sweetness, absorption and metabolism but is made from corn. It is found in most non-diet soft drinks, ready-to-drink teas, juice drinks, sports drinks and other non-diet sweetened beverages, it is also a key sweetening ingredient in many food products. HFCS is used because of its ability to easily mix together with other food and beverage ingredients and provide a sweetness intensity equivalent to sugar. HFCS has the same calories as sucrose - approximately 4 kilocalories per gram and can replace sugar in one-for-one proportions.
HUITO JUICE
Huito Juice is the juice of the huito fruit which comes from the Genipa Americana tree.

I
INOSITOL
Inositol is a type of sugar called a polyol that has a different chemical structure than glucose. It is a basic part of cell membranes, and is important in nerve, brain and muscle function.
INSTANT TEA
Instant Tea is brewed tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in cold or hot water.
INVERT SUGAR
Invert Sugar is table sugar that has been broken down (inverted). Table sugar is made up of two types of basic sugars: glucose and fructose. To make invert sugar syrup, sugar is treated with an enzyme, which splits the whole table sugar molecule into its basic sugars, one glucose and one fructose molecule.
ISOMALTULOSE
Isomaltulose is a sucrose isomer that has a structure similar to sucrose (table sugar) however is less sweet. The FDA has recognized Isomaltulose to be a dietary noncariogenic carbohydrate sweetener. The FDA has determined that noncariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners, such as isomaltulose, can be used to replace dietary sugars, such as sucrose and corn sweeteners, in certain foods resulting in foods that are significantly less likely to result in tooth decay than those containing dietary sugars and other fermentable carbohydrates.

J
JUICE
Juice is liquid contained in fruits and vegetables. It is prepared by crushing or squeezing fresh fruits or vegetables in order to obtain their liquids and sometimes to also obtain some of the pulp that remains after crushing or squeezing.
JUICE CONCENTRATE
Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of the liquid from fruits and vegetables.

L
L-CARNITINE
L-Carnitine is an amino acid involved in the metabolism of fats.
LEMON JUICE
Lemon Juice is the juice of lemons.
LEMON JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Lemon Juice from Concentrate is concentrated lemon juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
LEMONGRASS
Lemongrass is a herb with long, thin, gray-green leaves and a woody, scallion-like base with a sour-lemon flavor and fragrance. It is widely used in Thai and Vietnamese dishes.
LIME JUICE
Lime Juice is the juice of limes. Lime Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from limes.
LIME JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Lime Juice from Concentrate is concentrated lime juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
LIME JUICE SOLIDS
Lime Juice Solids are a concentrated form of juice from limes, involving a process by which almost all water is removed.
L-THEANINE
L-Theanine is an amino acid.
LYCOPENE
Lycopene is a red plant pigment that is inherent in foods such as tomatoes, guava, watermelon and pink grapefruit.

M
MALIC ACID
Malic Acid is a dicarboxylic acid found in a variety of fruits and many sour and tart-tasting foods. Your body also produces and breaks down malic acid as part of the citric acid cycle. In the citric acid cycle, malic acid provides your cells with energy and carbon structure for the formation of amino acids.
MALT
Malt is a grain that is germinated and then quickly dried to develop enzymes which convert the grain’s starch to sugar. Barley is the most common malt due to its high enzyme content. Contains Gluten.
MALTODEXTRIN
Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide usually produced from corn starch, tapioca or wheat starch. It is easily digested and metabolized. Despite its name, maltodextrin is not related to barley or other malts.
MANGO JUICE CONCENTRATE
Mango Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from mangoes.
MILK PROTEIN CONCENTRATE
Milk Protein Concentrate is the concentrated form of the high quality milk proteins - casein and whey. The concentrate is greater than 80% pure protein.
MODIFIED CORN STARCH
Modified Corn Starch is made from corn. It is a derivative of corn that is chemically altered to dissolve quickly and serve as a thickener.
MODIFIED FOOD STARCH
Modified Food Starch is a polysaccharide meaning it is made of many simple sugars that are linked together to form a long chain of sugar molecules. It is made by treating starch (usually corn but alternatively wheat, rice, potato or tapioca) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules. This process produces a starch that has more desirable and useful characteristics such as improved solubility, acid stability and texture.
MONOGLYCERIDE
A Monoglyceride is a substance created by combining specific fats or oils with glycerol (a sugar alcohol). It is derived from plant sources, not from animals.
MONOPOTASSIUM PHOSPHATE
Monopotassium Phosphate is a soluble salt which is a nutritive source of phosphorus and potassium

N
NATURAL FLAVOR
Natural flavors are flavors obtained from essences or extracts of substances found in nature such as spices, fruits, fruit juices, vegetables, or herbs.
NIACIN
Niacin (Vitamin B3) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.
NIACINAMIDE
Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) is one of the components of Vitamin B, which is made up of Niacin and Niacinamide.
NONFAT DRY MILK
Nonfat Milk, also known as skim milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. Nonfat Milk contains less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.

P
PALM KERNEL AND
Palm Kernel Oil is made from from the pit of the palm fruit and is higher in saturated fat than palm oil (which is made from the fleshy part of the fruit). It is solid at room temperature and used in baking to increase shelf life.
PANAX GINSENG ROOT EXTRACT
Panax Ginseng Root Extract is a concentrated material made from the roots of the Panax ginseng plant, also known as Korean ginseng. The main active components of ginseng are called ginsenosides.
PASSION FRUIT JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Passion Fruit Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from the passion fruit that has been reconstituted (water added back).
PEACH JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Peach Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from peaches that has been reconstituted (water added back).
PECTIN
Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber found in the cell walls of fruits and vegetables. In human digestion, pectin goes through the system intact and serves as a bulking agent. Since it is not absorbed, it has no nutritive value other than fiber. Pectin is produced commercially as a powder and mainly extracted from citrus fruits.
PHENYLALANINE
Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid found in many protein-containing foods. It is also one of the two amino acid components present in aspartame. All products sweetened with aspartame carry a statement on the label to alert individuals with the rare genetic disease, phenylketonuria. These people must restrict their intake of phenylalanine. The statement reads Phenylketonurics: Contains Phenylalanine. Phenylalanine is found in almost all foods that contain protein such as beef, milk, fish, eggs, and cheese. People with the disease phenylketonuria must avoid eating these foods as well as avoiding intake of phenylalanine itself. For the rest of the population phenylalanine and phenylalanine containing foods are completely safe. For comparison, an 8-ounce glass of milk has more than 4 times as much phenylalanine as a 12-ounce Diet Pepsi.
PHOSPHORIC ACID
Phosphoric acid is added to some soft drinks to act as an acidulant. Acidulants add a pleasant tartness to soft drinks. The use of phosphoric acid results in the beverage having some dietary phosphorus.
PINEAPPLE JUICE
Pineapple Juice is juice from pineapples. Pineapple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from pineapples.
POTASSIUM
Potassium is an essential dietary mineral and an electrolyte that helps meet the mineral needs of active people. It is found naturally in fruits, vegetables and meats. Orange and grapefruit juices are good sources. In beverages, it may be added for its nutrient value or come from other ingredients.
POTASSIUM BENZOATE
Potassium Benzoate is the potassium salt of benzoic acid.
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE
Potassium Chloride is the potassium salt of chloride.
POTASSIUM CITRATE
Potassium Citrate is the salt form of citric acid.
POTASSIUM SORBATE
Potassium Sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid.
POTASSIUM SULFATE
Potassium Sulfate is the mineral salt of potassm.
PRICKLY PEAR JUICE CONCENTRATE
Prickly Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from the prickly pear fruit, Opuntia, which is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.
PURIFIED STEVIA LEAF EXTRACT
Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known as Reb-A and by the brand name PureVia®, is a low calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant that is 200 times sweeter than sugar so it has virtually no calories when used in foods and beverages. It may be consumed safely by phenylketonurics.
PURIFIED WATER
Purified Water is water that is produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or other suitable process that meets appropriate standards to be called purified water. It must contain no more than 10 ppm of dissolved solids. For more information, please refer to www.aquafina.com.
PURPLE CARROT JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice from purple carrots that is used to provide color.
PURPLE SWEET POTATO JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Purple Sweet Potato Juice is concentrated juice from the purple sweet potato that is used to provide color.
PYRIDOXIN HYDROCHLORIDE (VITAMIN B6)
Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is the chemical name for vitamin B6, a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.

Q
QUILLAIA
Quillaia is a purified (cooked, filtered and pasteurized) extract made from the bark of the Quillaia tree.

R
RED 40
Red 40 is a colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Allura Red and FD&C Red40.
RED GRAPE JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Red Grape Juice Concentrate (color) is the concentrated juice from red grapes that is used to provide color.
RED RASPBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Concentrated Red Raspberry Juice is the concentrated form of juice from raspberries.
REDUCED FAT MILK
Reduced Fat Milk is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. It contains between 0.5% and 2% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.
RIBOFLAVIN (VITAMIN B2)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is a water-soluble B-Vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production. It helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats and is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish. It may also be used as a food colorant (yellow to orange-yellow color).
ROSE HIP EXTRACT
Rose Hip Extract is a concentrated material made from the rose plant. It contains vitamin C.

S
SALT
Salt is a mineral substance composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl) which is used to add flavor to foods. Chloride and sodium ions, the two major components of salt, are needed by all known living creatures. PepsiCo uses non-iodized salt in our products that contain salt.
SKIM MILK
Skim Milk, also known as nonfat milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. It contains less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.
SODIUM
Sodium is a dietary mineral and electrolyte. One of the main components of the fluids in the human body and plays a vital role, helping to carry nutrients to cells. Necessary for the regulation of blood and body fluids, transmission of nerve impulses, heart activity, and certain metabolic functions.
SODIUM ASCORBATE
Sodium Ascorbate is a form of Ascorbic Acid, or Vitamin C.
SODIUM BENZOATE
Sodium Benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid.
SODIUM CITRATE
Sodium Citrate is the sodium salts of citric acid.
SODIUM HEXAMETAPHOSPHATE
Sodium Hexametaphosphate is an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. It is more commonly called Sodium Polymetaphosphate or Graham's Salt.
SODIUM POLYPHOSPHATES
Sodium Polyphosphates are an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. They are sometimes called Sodium Hexametaphosphate or Graham's Salt.
SODIUM SACCHARIN
Sodium Saccarin is one of the FDA approved sugar substitutes. Has been evaluated for safety and is approved as a sweetener in more than 100 countries.
SORBITOL
Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found in many fruits but often sourced from corn syrup.
SOY LECITHIN
Soy Lecithin is a liquid or powdered compound from soybeans. Allergen notes: Soy protein is among the top 8 allergens.  According to the Food Allergy Network, soy lecithin can be tolerated by many with soy allergies since it is more fat than protein. When soy is listed and soy lecithin appears as the only soy source, this indicates there are detectable protein levels that require us to label for the presence of soy in accord with Food Allergen labeling laws.
SOY PROTEIN ISOLATE
Soy Protein Isolate is a purified source or protein from soy. It supplies a high quality of protein that contains all the essential amino acids
SPARKLING PURIFIED WATER
Sparking Water is carbonated water that is flavorless, effervescent or bubbly.
SPIRULINA
Spirulina is a member of the blue algae family.
SPRING WATER
Spring Water is water that comes from an underground source where the water flows naturally to the surface of the earth.
STEVIA LEAF EXTRACT
Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known as Reb-A and by the brand name PureVia®, is a low calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant that is 200 times sweeter than sugar so it has virtually no calories when used in foods and beverages. It may be consumed safely by phenylketonurics.
STRAWBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Strawberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from strawberries.
STRAWBERRY JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Strawberry Juice from Concentrate is concentrated strawberry juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
SUCRALOSE
Sucralose, also known by its brand name Splenda(R), is a sugar substitute. It is 600 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. Sucralose has been used in the U.S. since 1988. It has been approved by the FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information on Sucralose and other sugar substitutes visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.
SUGAR
Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. It is a general term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates. Sugars are used as sweeteners to improve the palatability of foods and beverages. In addition, sugars are used to confer certain functional attributes to foods such as viscosity, texture, body, and browning capacity. The sugars listed on the Nutrition Facts label include inherent sugars (like those in fruit and milk) as well as those added to foods and beverages.
SUNFLOWER OIL
Sunflower Oil is oil that comes from sunflower seeds. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels and is light in taste and appearance.
SUNSET YELLOW
Yellow 6, also known as Sunset Yellow, is an FD&C approved color.

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TARTRAZINE
Yellow 5, also known as Tartrazine, is an FD&C approved color.
TAURINE
Taurine is an amino acid which is one of the building blocks for making protein in the body. It is commonly found in meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and fish. Because of its name some people mistakenly think that Taurine comes from bulls but this is not true. There are no animal products or by-products in taurine.
THIAMINE (VITAMIN B1)
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is one of the B-Vitamins which are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats.
TOCOPHEROL (VITAMIN E)
Tocopherols (or Tocopheryl) are a form of Vitamin E.
TREATED WATER
Treated Water is water that has gone through one or more processes, such as filtration, ozonation or reverse osmosis to remove impurities and improve taste.
TRICALCIUM PHOSPHATE
Tricalcium Phosphate is a source of phosphorus that also provides the essential mineral calcium.

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VANILLA EXTRACT
Vanilla Extract is a concentrated material made from vanilla plants.
VEGETABLE CONCENTRATE FOR COLOR
Vegetable Juice (color) is concentrated juice made from vegetables that is used to provide color.
VITAMIN A PALMITATE
Vitamin A Palmitate is a supplemental form of Vitamin A.
VITAMIN A
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for cell growth and healthy skin. Food sources include dark leafy vegetables, eggs, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.
VITAMIN B1
Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, is a water soluble vitamin that is essential for carbohydrate metabolism.
VITAMIN B12
Vitamin B12, also known as Cyanocobalamin, is important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. It is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.
VITAMIN B2
Vitamin B2, also known as Riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production and helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats. It is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.
VITAMIN B3
Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.
VITAMIN B5
Vitamin B5, also known as Pantothenic Acid, is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein. It is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.
VITAMIN B6
Vitamin B6, also known as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, is a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.
VITAMIN B9
Vitamin B9, also known as Folic Acid, is found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour.
VITAMIN C
Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid, is involved in tissue repair and several other metabolic functions. It is found in many fruits and vegetables including citrus and potatoes.
VITAMIN D
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D also helps to form and maintain strong bones.
VITAMIN D3
Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D3 comes in several forms.
VITAMIN E
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms, including tocopherols (or tocopheryls) which you will sometimes see listed on product labels. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.
VITAMIN E (AS ACETATE)
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms, including tocopherols (or tocopheryls) which you will sometimes see listed on product labels. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.
VITAMIN K
Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps with blood clotting. The body makes its own supply which may be complimented by dietary sources. It is found in cabbage, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, and canola, soybean and olive oils.

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WATERMELON JUICE CONCENTRATE
Watermelon Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from watermelons.
WHEAT GRASS
Wheat Grass is a cereal grain.
WHEY
Whey is liquid that remains after milk has been curdled and strained. It contains lactose. Per FALCPA labeling requirements, products are labeled as “contains milk” if Whey is listed as a direct ingredient and “may contain milk” if it is in the product by way of other ingredients.
WHEY PROTEIN
Whey Protein is one of the two major groups of proteins found in milk (the other is casein). It is a highly digestible source of protein.
WHEY PROTEIN CONCENTRATE
Whey Protein Concentrate is a concentrated form of one of the two high quality protein groups in milk. (The other is casein.) The concentrate is greater than 80% protein.
WHEY PROTEIN ISOLATE
Whey Protein Isolate is a processed form of whey protein that is greater than 90% protein. Per FALCPA labeling requirements, products are labeled as “contains milk” if Whey Protein Isolate is listed as a direct ingredient and “may contain milk” if it is in the product by way of other ingredients.
WHITE GRAPE JUICE CONCENTRATE
White Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from white grapes.
WHITE GRAPE JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
White Grape Juice from Concentrate is concentrated white grape juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
WHITE TEA
White Tea is tea made from young tea leaves that are minimally aged and dried.
WHOLE GRAINS
Whole Grains are grains that contain all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm).

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XANTHAN GUM
Xanthan Gum is a powder produced by the fermentation of a carbohydrate.

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YERBA MATE EXTRACT
Yerba Mate Extract is a concentrated material made from yerba mate leaves. Yerba Mate is a widely cultivated, medium sized evergreen tree. The leaves have been used for many years to make common beverages and are a source of polyphenols and caffeine.
YUCCA EXTRACT
Yucca Extract is a concentrated material made from the yucca plant.

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ZINC METHIONINE SULFATE
Zinc Methionine Sulfate is a zinc supplement that is easy for the body to absorb.
ZINC OXIDE
Zinc Oxide is a source of zinc.
    THE FACTS ABOUT YOUR FAVORITE BEVERAGES